Article 1 The British government transfers and entrusts to Maharajah Gulab Singh and the heirs of his body the entire hilly or mountainous country, with its outbuildings east of the Indus River and the west bank of the Ravi River, including Chamba and without Lahol, which are part of the territories ceded to the British government by the British government under Article IV of the State of Lahore. , dated March 9, 1846. During the First Anglo-Sikh War, Maharaja Gulab Singh Jamwal (Dogra) helped the British Empire against the Sikhs. [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [1] [10] [11] [12] [12] [13] After the defeat of the Sikh Empire, the Treaty of Lahore (9 March 1846) and the Treaty of Amritsar (1846) were signed (16 March 1846). Under the Lahore contract, signed between Maharaja Duleep Singh (Sikh), 7 years (September 4, 1838 – October 22, 1893) and the British Empire on March 9, 1846, Jammu was taken over on paper by the British Empire. [5] [3] [4] [6] [7] [8] [9] [2] [10] [11] [12] Article 12 of the Treaty of Lahore states that ”given the Sing of Rajah Golab of Jummoo, The services rendered to the State of Lahore to restore relations between the government of Lahore and Great Britain, the Maharajah herebid agrees to recognize the independent sovereignty of Rajah Golab Sing in the territories and districts in the hills how it accepts the Rajah Golab , by a separate agreement between him and the British government, with the dependencies that could be held by the Rajah sing since the late Maharajah Khurruck Sing and the British government, given the good behavior of Rajah Golab Sing, to recognize his independence in these territories and grant him the privileges of a separate contract with the British government.” To pay, the Kashmiris were heavily taxed from the beginning and complained of being sold into slavery, and British writers wrote a great readture about these contracts. [5] [3] [4] [6] [7] [8] [9] [2] [10] [11] [12] [13] The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (3-4 Will). IV v. 73) abolished slavery throughout the British Empire. The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (3 -4 Will. IV.c. 73) came into force before Amritsar (1846) (March 16, 1846) signed the treaty.

Already in 1868, in the book Cashmere Misgovernment, Robert Thorp declared that the people of Kashmir were being sold to slavery to Gulab Singh. [14] Arthur Brinkman, in his work written in December 1867, ”The Wrongs of Cashmere” also says: ”informs the reader of the wretched state of a people we have sold against their inclination and their cry united to us.” Arthur Brinkman was an Anglican missionary and Anglican mission groups had collaborated with the Anti Slavery Society, and then, as part of the Treaty of Amritsar (1846), Maharaja Gulab Singh Jamwal said he was ready to serve the British Empire under Article 6: ”Maharajah Gulab Singh commits himself and the heirs to join the British Empire. with all its armed forces, British troops, when deployed in the hills or in areas adjacent to its possessions, and in return, under Article 9, ”the British government will help Mahajajah Gulab Singh protect his territories from external enemies.” [5] [3] [4] [6] [7] [9] [9] [1] [1] [11] [12] [13] Then the Dogras served the British Empire in the Indian rebellion and in the various wars. [5] [3] [4] [6] [7] [8] [9] [2] [10] [11] [12] [13] This is why a large proportion of Kashmiris fought during World War I and World War II as part of the Jammu and Kashmir State Forces, and directly with the Royal Navy, The British Army, the Merchant Navy and Gilgit Scouts, as mentioned by Major William A.